When a vertebrae is misaligned, meaning it has moved to an abnormal position, it is known as subluxation. Vertebral Subluxation Complex (VSC) is caused by many different issues. Small slips or falls can cause this, and major impact injuries from car crashes or sudden jolting movements can contribute to this as well. A subluxated vertebrae will create pressure on surrounding nerves and blood vessels, and can also damage other structures in close proximity.
Natural nerve pathways are interrupted by subluxation and this disrupts the signals that are sent out from the brain. If this condition is left untreated, degeneration of the spine and discs can occur.
As time goes by, surrounding muscles, bones, and nerves begin to reform to the shape that the misalignment has created. The body then tries to compensate by making adjustments in other areas, throwing off balance in additional joints and muscles. It will take much longer for these elements to be corrected if the subluxation is untreated for an extended length of time.
Vertebral subluxation includes five different areas:
- Spinal Kinesiopathology (bone movement)
- Histopathology (damaged tissue)
- Neuropathophysiology (dysfunction of nerves)
- Myopathology (changes in the muscle)
- Pathophysiology (abnormal growth)
Chiropractors are experts in the manipulation of soft and hard tissue. Small, quick movements to the spine can reposition the vertebrae into its natural position. Through treatment, a vertebral subluxation can be corrected back to healthy functionality.